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Pre-Quiz Discussion On Breast Cancer:
Breast cancer is a type of cancer that forms in the cells of the breast, predominantly affecting women but can also occur in men. It develops when abnormal cells in the breast grow uncontrollably, forming a malignant tumor.
Several factors increase the risk of developing breast cancer:
- Age: Risk increases with age.
- Gender: More common in women.
- Family history: A background of breast cancer occurrences among immediate family members.
- Genetic mutations: BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene mutations.
- Hormonal factors: Early menstruation or late menopause, hormone replacement therapy (HRT), etc.
- Lifestyle choices: Obesity, alcohol consumption, lack of physical activity, etc.
Signs and Symptoms:
Common signs and symptoms include:
- Lump in the breast or underarm
- Change in breast size or shape
- Pain in the breast or nipple
- Nipple discharge other than breast milk
- Change in the appearance of the skin on the breast
Diagnostic methods include:
- Mammogram: X-ray examination of the breast.
- Ultrasound: Sound waves to produce images.
- Biopsy procedure: Extracting a tissue sample from the affected area for detailed analysis and diagnosis.
- MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging for detailed images.
Treatment options depend on various factors like stage, type, and individual health. They include:
- Surgery: Lumpectomy or mastectomy.
- Radiation therapy approach: Employing high-energy beams to target and eliminate cancerous cells.
- Chemotherapy: Medications to kill cancer cells.
- Hormone therapy function: Hindering hormones responsible for stimulating cancerous cell growth.
- Targeted therapy: Targets specific genes or proteins in cancer cells.
- Regular screenings: Mammograms and self-examinations.
- Maintaining a healthy lifestyle: Balanced diet, regular exercise, limited alcohol intake.
- Knowing family history: Awareness and genetic testing if indicated.
Breast cancer is a significant health concern, but early detection and advances in treatment have improved survival rates. Increased awareness, regular screenings, and adopting a healthy lifestyle can contribute to prevention and early intervention.
Test Guidelines and Time Limit:
Guidelines for Maximizing Your Quiz Experience:
Read and Understand:
Carefully read each question related to Breast Cancer and ensure you have a clear understanding of the concepts before selecting your answer. This will help you make informed choices and avoid misconceptions.
Choose the Best Answer:
Evaluate all available options before selecting the one that aligns best with your knowledge of Breast Cancer. Strive for accuracy and relevance in your responses.
The quiz has a time limit based on the number of questions you choose. Allocate 45 seconds per question. Manage your time wisely to complete all questions within the allotted time.
Efficient time management increases your likelihood of successfully completing the quiz and submitting your answers within the designated timeframe. Best of luck!